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LifeMirza Shafi Vazeh was a successor in the XIX century Azerbaijani Literature and gained reputation and fame with his lyrical and philosophical poems in Western Europe and Russia. His lyric which was written in the style of O. Khayyam prepossessed and included him into the range of Eastern classics. In order not to be found the originals of his Azerbaijani and Persian verses, his lyrics could not spread out in the Near East and his homeland Azerbaijan, though he gained glory in Europe and Russia. Mirza Shafi was born in 1794 in Ganja. His father Kerbelayi Sadykh was an architect in the palace of Javad khan, the last ruler of Ganja.Vazeh lost his father when he was young and lived Haji Abdulla’s care. Kerbelayi Sadykh wanted his son to get religious education. For a while, Vazeh got his primary education at the madrassa. The clergy of Ganja refused to give him education, because of his interest, sympathy for the Secular Sciences. So he had to interrupt his education at a madrassa. Orientalist Adolf Bergé had notes about these. After leaving madrassa he began to develop and elaborate his knowledge and outlook. To know Persian well gave him an opportunity to read the classic poets- Khayyam, Nizami, Sadi and Hafiz. Mirza Shafi Vazeh was assigned as the clerk (mirza) due to manage the possession and villages belonging to Javad Khan’s daughter with the help of Haji Abdullah. That is why, he was called Mirza Shafi. During the war between Russia and Persia in 1826 Pusta Khanum had to get away with her brother Ugurlu Khan. Mirza Shafi became unemployed. Haji Abdullah died then. Though Mirza Shafi was in trouble, he didn’t lose his courage and began to practise calligraphy and teaching. He taught children to write Nastaʿlīq script (one of the main calligraphic hands used in writing the Perso-Arabic script, and traditionally the predominant style in Persian calligraphy) in madrassa near Shah Abbas mosque in Ganja. One of his students was M.F.Akhundov. In 1840 Vazeh moved from Ganja to Tiflis. In November with the help of his former student M.F.Akhundov, he secured the position of Azerbaijani and Persian language teacher at a boys’ school (school № 73 in Tiflis now) . He lived in Tiflis till the end of 1846. After leaving Tiflis he wrote “A Farewell to Tiflis” in Persian. In 1844 Mirza Shafi LifeVazeh established a literary society “ Divani Hikmet”. First, verses were read and then discussion began in “ Divani-Hikmet”. A.Bakikhanov, M.F.Akhundov, poets Nejmi, Shole, Mirza Hasan, Haji Abdulla, Mirza Yusif, Vidadi, Haji Yusif participated in this society. Due to the activity of this society Mirza Shafi got to know many famous scholars. Among the members of this society was Friedrich Martin von Bodenshtedt who was born at Peine, in the Kingdom of Hanover in 1819. His origion was Jewish. He studied at the best universities of Gottingen, Munich and Berlin. He came to Moscow in 1841 and took care of Prince Gallitzin’s children. In 1844 he came to Tiflis as a teacher with General Neidtgart’s invitation - the Governor-general of Caucasus. He was also Vazeh’s student, studing Azerbaijani and Persian. Mirza Shafi himself became acquainted with Western Europe Literature. Bodenshtedt returned to Germany in 1846. From 1889 to 1890 Bodenshtedt travelled through the US. He died and was buried in Wiesbaden, Germany in 1892. Mirza Shafi returned to Ganja in 1846 and began to work as a teacher. At the same time , he versified. He got back to Tiflis in January, 1890 and taught Azerbaijani in the gymnasium of baronage, lived there till his death. He died and was buried in Tiflis, November 28. His grove is behind the Botanical Gardens. The original forms of his lyrics in Azerbaijani and Persian which had been printed in Russian and Western European languages have not been found yet. Bodenstedt had brought the handwritings of his verses to Germany. dle




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